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Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru's visit to Denmark in 1957 laid the foundation for a friendly relationship between India and Denmark that has endured ever since. The bilateral relations between India and Denmark are cordial and friendly, based on synergies in political, economic, academic and research fields. There have been periodic high level visits between the two countries.


Visit of Prime Minister of Denmark (4-8 February 2008): Mr. Anders Fogh Rasmussen, former Prime Minister of Denmark, accompanied by a large business delegation, paid a State visit to India from February 4-8, 2008. He visited Infosys, Biocon and IIM in Bangalore and Agra. During his visit, Mr. Rasmussen called on the President, met PM, Chairperson UPA and EAM. He launched an 'India Action Plan', which called for strengthening of the political dialogue, strengthening of cooperation in trade and investments, research in science and technology, energy, climate and environment, culture, education, student exchanges and attracting skilled manpower and IT experts to Denmark for short periods.


Visit of Prime Minister of Denmark (11 September 2009): Danish Prime Minister Lars Lokke Rasmussen paid a one day Working Visit to India on 11 September 2009 as Host of the COP15. He met Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh and discussed climate change, regional and bilateral issues.


Inaugural Meeting of India-Denmark Joint Commission:
 Danish Foreign Minister Ms. Lene Espersen visited India on 14-15 December 2010 to Co-Chair with Minister of External Affairs Mr. S.M. Krishna the Inaugural Meeting of the India-Denmark Joint commission which was set up under the Agreement signed between the two countries in February 2008. The two sides discussed key areas of bilateral cooperation as well as regional and global issues of importance to both counties. The two Ministers signed the Agreed Minutes of the Joint Commission meeting encompassing bilateral cooperation in wide range of areas including political, economic and commercial, science and technology, biotechnology, information and communication technology, renewable energy, environment, shipping, agriculture and fisheries, education and culture, UNSC reforms, terrorism, reforms of the international financial institutions, disarmament, piracy, etc. It was agreed to set up three new Joint Working Groups on (i) Shipping; (ii) Food, Agriculture and Fisheries; and (iii) Environment. The two sides also agreed to convert the three joint committees established earlier into Joint Working Groups, viz. (i) Biotechnology; (ii) New and Renewable Energy; and (iii) Labour Mobility. During the visit Ms. Espersen also met Minister of Commerce and Industry Mr. Anand Sharma and National Security Adviser Mr. Shiv Shankar Menon.


Between July 2010-2016, India’s relations with Denmark were affected by the extradition of Kim Davy issue and there was minimal official contact between the two sides which adversely affected trade and economic relations and cooperation in multilateral forums. After it was decided to review our relations and allow Ministerial visits and official contacts between India and Denmark in end-2016, 6 important Danish Ministers have visited India;

  • Minister for Higher Education, Mr. Soren Pind visited India in 6-9 Dec 2016.

  • Minister for Energy, Utilities and Housing, Mr. Ole Birk Olesen visited India on 20 Feb 2017.

  • Minister for Energy, Utilities and Climate Mr. Lars Christian Lilleholt visited India with a delegation during 10-13 Jan 2017 for the ‘Vibrant Gujarat Summit’. He had a meeting with Hon’ble PM on the sidelines of the ‘Vibrant Gujarat Summit’.

  • A Danish delegation led by Minister of Food and Environment Mr. Esben Lund Larsen participated in the World Food India 2017 held during 3-5 Nov in Delhi. During his visit the Danish Minister met Minister of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare on 3 Nov and signed a LoI on increased cooperation in the agricultural sector. The Minister also met Minister of Food Processing Industries, as well as Minister of Road Transport & Highways and Minister for Science & Technology & Earth Sciences. Hon’ble PM also visited the Danish Pavilion on 3 Nov.

  • A 6-member Danish delegation led by Ms Sophie Lohde, Minister for Public Sector Innovation participated in the Global Conference on Cyber Space (GCCS 2017) from 23-26 Nov 2017 in New Delhi. She discussed bilateral cooperation with Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad, Minister for Communications & IT and also met Finance Minister Arun Jaitley.

  • Foreign Minister Anders Samuelsen visited India during 27-30 Nov 2017, the first visit by a Danish FM since 2010. He met EAM in New Delhi on 27 Nov and held discussions on various aspects of bilateral ties as well as regional and multilateral issues of mutual interest. He attended the Global Entrepreneurship Summit in Hyderabad during 28-30 Nov. He also called on PM in Hyderabad on 28 Nov and discussed strengthening of bilateral relations. 


Visit of Minister for Food Processing Industries: Smt. Harsimrat Kaur Badal, Minister for Food Processing Industries, visited Denmark from 24 - 25 August, 2017 to attend the World Food Summit. This was the first Ministerial level visit from India to Denmark since 2011. She delivered the keynote address at the World Food Summit organized by the Danish Government. A business delegation from Rasna, Rabo Equity Bank, E&Y India, FSSAI and representatives from the Confederation of Indian Industry accompanied the Minister and engaged with the Danish food processing industry on the achievements/investment opportunities in India and to promote a flag ship event in India “World Food India”, being organized by the Ministry of Food Processing in New Delhi from 3-5 November 2017.   The Confederation of Danish Industries organized a Business Round Table with a large group of Danish Food Processing Companies on 24 August 2017 at their premises. On 25 August, the Indian delegation was hosted by Danish Food and Agricultural Council for a Round Table at their office to interact with the Danish food processing companies which are interested to do business with India. About 50 Danish food processing companies participated in both the events. Denmark agreed to be a Partner country in World Food India and a Business Delegation of 19 Food processing companies and two organizations participated in the World Food India held from 3rd to 5th November 2017 in New Delhi. The Danish business delegation was headed by Danish Minister for the Environment and Food, H.E. Mr. Esben Lunde Larsen.


Visit of Secretary (MNRE): A delegation, led by Shri Anand Kumar, Secretary, Ministry of New and Renewable (MNRE), visited Denmark from 26-28 Feb 2018. Secretary MNRE led the Indian delegation in the 1st Joint Working Group on Renewable Energy between India and Denmark. He also called on Danish Minister for Energy, Utilities and Climate, Mr. Lars Christian Lilleholt and had detailed discussions on strengthening bilateral cooperation. The delegation had meetings with companies developing onshore and offshore wind and visited the Horns Rev 2 Offshore Wind Farm.


Prime Ministers of India and Denmark meet: Danish PM Lars Løkke Rasmussen and Hon’ble PM Narendra Modi met for the first time in nine years at the India-Nordic Summit in Stockholm on 17 April 2018 and discussed ways to improve relations. Four MoUs were exchanged during the meeting which included (a) MOU on Cooperation in the fields of Animal Husbandry and Dairying, (b) MoU in the field of Sustainable and Smart Urban Development, (c) MoU on cooperation in agricultural research and education and (d) MOU on Food Safety Cooperation. The MoUs will enable Government-to-Government cooperation to be revived.


Visit of Minister for Science & Technology: Minister for Science & Technology, Earth Sciences and Environment, Forest & Climate Change, Dr. Harsh Vardhan visited Denmark during 21-24 May 2018 to attend the 9th Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM9) and 3rd Mission Innovation Ministerial (MI3) held in Copenhagen and Malmo (Sweden) which was co-hosted by the European Commission together with Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Finland and the Nordic Council of Ministers. The Hon’ble Minister had a bilateral meeting with the Danish Minister for Higher Education & Science, Mr. Tommy Ahlers and signed the Agreement on Cooperation in the Fields of Science, Technology and Innovation. He also visited the Technical University of Denmark and a state-of-the-art Waste to Energy Plant in Copenhagen.


Visit Of Secretary(Shipping): Shri Gopal Krishna, Secretary(Shipping) visited Denmark from 28-31 May 2018, accompanied by a high level delegation consisting of Shri Rinkesh Roy, Chairmain of Paradip Port Trust; Shri Neeraj Bansal, Chairman of Jawaharlal Nehru Port trust; Shri Vikram Kumar, CEO of Maharashtra Maritime Board. On 28thMay, he called on the Danish Permanent Secretary for Industry, Business and Financial Affairs, Mr. Michael Dithmer, visited the Container Port and Cruise Terminal in Copenhagen, they met with the top management of AP Moller-Maersk and attended a reception hosted by Danish Maritime and Danish Shipping association. On 29th May, he led the Indian delegation at the 1st JWG on Shipping and attended a Seminar on Indian Shipping, Port and Infrastructure opportunities ‘Sagarmala’ at the Danish Maritime Authority in Copenhagen before departing for Odense where the delegation visited Lindo Port as well as Odense Maritime Technology(OMT). The delegation also visited Aarhus and Aalborg on 29-30th May where they also met with the top management of Alfa Laval Test & Training centre and DESMI Pumps. The Molslinjen Management team briefed the delegation on RO-RO Fast Ferry services in Denmark.


Most of the JWGs envisaged by the Joint Commission in Dec 2010 have been convened between Feb-Aug 2018. 6 JWG meetings that have been held are as follows:

  1. JWG on Renewable Energy (Feb 2018 in Copenhagen),

  2. JWG on Agriculture & Animal Husbandry (May 2018 in Delhi),

  3. JWG on Food Processing (May 2018 in Delhi),

  4. JWG on Science & Technology (May 2018 in Copenhagen),

  5. JWG on Shipping (May 2018 in Copenhagen),

  6. JWG on Labour Mobility (Aug 2018 in Copenhagen)


Important Bilateral Treaties and Agreements:

  • Technical Cooperation Agreement – 1970

  • Bilateral Agreement on an Integrated Fisheries Project at Tadri, Karnataka - 1981

  • Bilateral Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (BIPA) 1995

  • Protocol on Avoidance of Double Taxation (DTAA) - 1995

  • MOU for cooperation between CII and Confederation of Danish Industries – 1995

  • Protocol on Foreign Office Consultation - 1995

  • Joint Business Council Agreement between FICCI and the Danish Industry (DI) - 2002

  • MOU on Biotechnology for Bilateral Cooperation – 2004

  • Agreement for establishment of a Bilateral Joint Commission for Cooperation – Feb 2008

  • MOU for Cooperation in New and Renewable Energy – Feb 2008

  • Arrangement on Gainful Employment for Family Members of the Diplomatic Mission or Consular Posts – Feb 2008

  • MOU on Clean Development Mechanism – Oct 2008

  • MOU on Cooperation in the area of Environment – September 2009

  • MOU on Labour Mobility Partnership – September 2009

  • Social Security Agreement – February 2010

  • MOU on Cooperation in the fields of Animal husbandry and Dairying in April 20

  • MOU in the field of Subtainable and Smart Urban Development in April 2018

  • MOU on Cooperation in agricultural research and education in April 2018

  • MOU on Food Safety Cooperation in April 2018

  • Agreement on Cooperation in the fields of Science, Technology and Innovation in May 2018 Minister of Science & Technology & Earth Sciences.


Bilateral Visits: India to Denmark (2008 onwards)

1.

MOS for New & Renewable Energy, Mr. Vilas Muttemwar

7-9 April 2008

2.

Minister of Overseas Indian Affairs Mr. Vayalar Ravi

28-29 Sept 2009

3.

MOS for Environment & Forests, Mr. Jairam Ramesh

9-11 Oct 2009

4.

MOS for Environment & Forests, Mr. Jairam Ramesh

15-17 Nov 2009

5.

Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh (for COP15)

17-18 Dec 2009

6.

Minister of Water Resources, Mr. Salman Khurshid

8-9 Jun 2011

7.

Parliamentary delegation led by Speaker of Lok Sabha, Mrs. Meira Kumar

16-19 Jun 2011

8.

Minister for Food Processing Industries, Mrs. Harsimrat Kaur Badal

24-25 Aug 2017

9.

Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science & Technology Smt.

21-24 May 2018

10.


Smt. Harsimrat Kaur Badal, Minister Of Food Processing Industries

30-31 August 2018


Denmark to India (2008 onwards)

1.

Prime Minister Mr. Anders Fogh Rasmussen

4-8 Feb2008

2.

Minister of Climate & Energy Ms. Connie Hedegaard

4-6 Feb 2009

3.

Minister of Environment Mr. Troels Lund Poulsen

18-21 Feb 2009

4.

Prime Minister Mr. Lars Lokke Rasmussen

11 Sept 2009

5.

Minister of Climate & Energy Ms. Connie Hedegaard

22-23 Oct 2009

6.

Minister of Climate & Energy Ms. Lykke Friis

5-7 Feb 2010

7.

Minister of Employment Ms. Inger Stojberg

15-17 Feb 2010

8.

Minister of Transport Mr. Hans Christian Schmidt

18-22 Jun 2010

9.

Minister of Foreign Affairs Ms. Lene Espersen

14-15 Dec 2010

10.

Minister of Economy & Business Affairs Mr. Biran Mikkelsen

3-7 Jan 2011

10.

Minister for Higher Education, Mr. Soren Pind

6-9 Dec 2016

11.

Minister for Energy, Utilities & Climate Mr. Lars Christian Lilleholt

10-13 Jan 2017

12.

Minister for Transport and Housing Mr. Ole Brik Olesen

20 Feb 2017

13.

Minister for the Environment & Food Mr. Esben Lunde Larsen

3-5 Nov 2017

14.

Minister for Public Sector Innovation Ms. Sophie Lohde

23-26 Nov 2017

15.

Foreign Minister Mr. Anders Samuelsen

27-30 Nov 2017


Important streets and public places named after Indian leaders:
 Gandhi Plaene (Gandhi Park), located at the junction of BorupsAlle and Hvidkildevej in Copenhagen. Has a bronze statue of Mahatma Gandhi in sitting posture. City of Aarhus has a Nehru Road near Aarhus University.


Visa requirements for officials:
 Holders of diplomatic and official passports do not require visa to enter Denmark. Others require a visa. Visa may be required to transit through other EU countries while travelling to Denmark. The details and types of visas issued to tourists, businessmen and students are available on the Danish Embassy's website.


Air links with India:
 Air India has a direct flight between New Delhi to Copenhagen and vice versa commenced from 16th September 2017 on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday of the week. Finnair operates direct flight to India via Helsinki and Jet Airways through Amsterdam. Convenient links to get an Air India flight to India are from London, Paris and Frankfurt. Other connections are via Vienna, Moscow and Istanbul.


Estimated NRI/PIO:
 The size of the Indian community in Denmark, inclusive of both NRIs (12,085) and PIOs, (3,100) is 15,185 (as on 07.12.2017).


Commercial and Economic Relations: 
Though small in size, Denmark is a rich country with an open economy which relies heavily on foreign trade and investment to generate high level of income. It has a GDP of about US$ 325 billion (2017 estimate).


Bilateral Trade


Commodities

Bilateral trade of commodities between India and Denmark has increased from US$1077.8 million in 2009 to US$ 1260 million in 2017. Bilateral commodities trade figures for the year 2009 to 2017 is given below.

INDIA-DENMARK TRADE
 


(Commodities)
(in US$ million)


Year

India's Exports

India's Imports

Total Trade

Growth Rate

India's BoT 

surplus

2009

689.0

388.8

1077.8

(-)13.7%

300.2

2010

728.0

483.3

1211.3

12.7%

244.2

2011

992.0

597.0

1589.0

31%

395.0

2012

767.2

453.9

1221.1

(-)23%

313.3

2013

811.4

393.3

1204.7

(-)1.3%

418.1

2014

904

437

1341

11.5%

467

2015

667

384

1051

(-)21.7%

283

2016

701

428

1129

7.4%

273

2017

783

477

1260

11.6%

306


[Source: Statistics Denmark]


Indian exports to Denmark increased by 12% from US$ 701 million in 2016 to US$ 783 million in 2017. Major Indian Exports to Denmark are articles of apparel and clothing accessories,  Textile yarns and made up fabrics, travel goods and handbags, Organic Chemicals,  General Industrial Machinery and Equipment, iron and steel, Miscellaneous manufactures articles,  footwear and Furniture and parts thereof, bedding, mattresses etc.


Danish exports to India increased by 12% from US$ 428 million in 2016 to US$ 477 million during 2017. Major Danish Exports to India are medicinal and pharmaceutical products, general industrial machinery and equipment, electrical machinery, Machinery specialized for particular industries,   metalliferous ores and metal scraps, chemical materials, Professional, scientific and controlling instruments, organic chemicals, power generating machinery and iron and steel etc.


Services
India's Services exports to Denmark were valued at US$ 901 million in 2017, which was 16% higher than 2016 figure of US$ 774 million (Source: Statistics Denmark).

The combined commodities and services bilateral trade between India and Denmark was US$ 3,322 billion in 2017 as compared to US$ 2,827 billion in 2016. India’s combined commodities and services trade to Denmark was US$1,684 billion in 2017 compared to US$1,475 billion in 2016, while Danish combined trade was US$1,638 billion in 2017 compared to US$ 1,352 billion during the year 2016. India enjoys trade surplus in commodities, Denmark has balance of trade in its favor, as far as services is concerned. 

Investments:

According to Statistics Denmark, the Danish FDI in India were at US$ 906 Million in 2016. Major Danish investments in India have been made in sectors such as manufacturing, trade and transport, financial and business services.

The Indian investment in Denmark was US$ 59 Million in 2016 (Source: Statistics Denmark).Major investing companies from Denmark include the Danish Shipping giant, the AP Moller – Maersk Group who has made significant investments in the port infrastructure in India, acquiring a major equity stake in the Gujarat Pipavav Port, development of a bulk terminal at the Jawaharlal Nehru Port to a container terminal, Cheminova Agro, F. L. Smidth& Co., Danfoss, CHR Hansen, Danisco, LM Glasfiber, Lundbeck, Egmont International Holding, Novozymes, Novo Nordisk, Carlsberg, Ramboll, ISS and others.


The presence of Indian companies in Denmark is rather small. Among IT companies, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) and L&T Infotech have their offices in Denmark since 1990 and 2000 respectively. In the last few years, other Indian IT majors, viz., Infosys Technologies (invested in Aarhus based start-up UNSILO) , ITC Infotech, Tech Mahindra, HCL and Wipro have also started their operations in Denmark. Reliance Industries Ltd. acquired 'TreviraNeckelmann', a textile factory producing specialised yarns located in the Danish town of Silkeborg, as part of its take over of the European 'Trevira Group' from Deutsche Bank in June 2004. Thermax India acquired Danstoker A/S, Denmark, a leading European boiler manufacturer and its German subsidiary, Omnical Kessel for Euro 29.5 million in November 2010.Suzlon Energy Ltd., the Pune-based wind turbine producer, opened its overseas marketing office in Aarhus in Denmark in 2005. Dr. Reddy' Laboratories Ltd. (DRL) has entered into a co-development and commercialization agreement with Denmark-based firm Rheoscience A/S for joint development of balaglitazone for treatment of Type 2 Diabetes. Novozymes and Praj Industries have entered into an agreement whereby Novozymes would provide enzymes that will enable the Indian company to refine the process for making bio-ethanol – an organic and carbon-free alternative to petrol.Indian IT  company Wipro acquired Danish owned global strategic design firm Designit in June 2015.Indian Susin Group acquired majority share in Danish LBH International A/S in the  Expansion Joints business.


Recent visits of Commercial delegations to Denmark: 


CII delegation: A 15 member business delegation mounted by Confederation of Indian Industries visited Copenhagen on 4 May 2016. From the CII side it was led by Ms. Kavita Choudhry, Regional Director- Europe and Mr. Mohsin Khan, Deputy Director (Europe). Ambassador Rajeev Shahare briefed the delegation on India Denmark Relations and potential business opportunities. The program also included a speech by Mr. Jens Holst-Nielsen, Director, Confederation of Danish Industry and Dr. Rajiv I Modi. A B2B meeting was organized in which around 25 to 30 Danish Companies signed up to meet the Indian Delegation. The delegation also had an interactive session with The State of Green and its Executive Director Mr. Finn Mortensen, followed by presentation from Cluster and Association representatives from CLEAN, Danish Agricultural Council and Medicon Valley Alliance. The Delegation also visited the Danish Trade Council, Innovation Fund Denmark, Invest in Denmark and Investment Fund for Developing Countries ( IFU).


CEUCCI delegation: A 13 member The Council of EU Chambers of Commerce in India organised a visit of a Business Delegation to Copenhagen, Denmark from 31 May to 1 June 2017. With special interest in sectors such as Pharmaceutical, Education, ICT, Logistics, Healthcare, Auto, Energy etc. The Objectives of the Delegation were to explore trade & investment opportunities and to form partnerships and collaborations with small and medium sized enterprises that form the stronghold of European Businesses. An MOU to further cooperation in trade between The Council of EU Chamber of Commerce and Confederation of Danish Industries was signed facilitated by the Embassy. Cluster/Associations like State of Green, Copenhagen Capacity, Copenhagen Electric, Danish Ship-owners Association, The Manufacturing Association of Denmark, Investment fund for Developing Countries (IFU) and Indian Danish Chamber of Commerce (IDCC) were introduced to the visiting delegation. Indian Ambassador Rajeev Shahare met the Indian Delegation during a reception held at the Chancery participated by other Danish Companies.


NASSCOM delegation: 
A 10 member delegation led by Shivendra Singh, Vice President Global Trade Development, NASSCOM accompanied by 8 Indian technical companies representatives from India visited Copenhagen on 15 April 2018. The purpose of their Nordic visit was to assess the potential for partnership and collaboration between Danish startups and tie up with established Indian tech companies. Invest in Denmark functioning under the Danish Foreign Ministry briefed the NASSCOM delegation on how to set up business in Denmark and they were also introduced to the Healthcare and Fintech startups by experts. The delegation also visited Copenhagen Fintech lab which hosts 50 fintech startup residents and 150 startups in their network. Indian embassy organized program with the Agency for Digitalization under Danish Ministry for Public Innovation, Ambassador, Head of NASSCOM and delegation members participated in the meeting. NASSCOM ended their program with a networking session arranged by the Mission along with Copenhagen Business School.


ONGC Delegation: A 22-member delegation comprising senior officials from ONGC along with two professors of IIM, Kolkata visited Copenhagen from 30-31 May 2018 as part of the AMP course conducted by IIM, Kolkata for senior executives. They visited the Confederation of Danish Industries (State of Green) and were also introduced to activities of House of Energy, Indian Danish Chamber of Commerce, Copenhagen Infrastructure partners and Copenhagen Centre on Energy Efficiency. A site visit to learn about converting power to Gas/Biocat project and Hydrogen Denmark were also organized for the delegation.


Goa Tourism Roadshow held in Copenhagen

A Roadshow by Goa Tourism was organised on 29 May 2018 at Imperial Hotel in Copenhagen by Goa Tourism Development Corporation(GTDC) and Mission. Mr. Nikhil Desai, Managing director, was present for the event along with HOC and MO from Mission. 35 Danish tour operators attended the event where GTDC gave a presentation on various facilities available as well as tourist attractions in Goa which receives close to 1 million tourists a year.