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India  Denmark Relations

Pandit  Jawaharlal Nehru''s visit to Denmark in 1957 laid the foundation for a  friendly relationship between India and Denmark that has endured ever  since. The bilateral relations between India and Denmark are cordial  and friendly, based on synergies in political, economic, academic and  research fields. There have been periodic high level visits between  the two countries.

Visit  of Prime Minister of Denmark (4-8 February 2008): Mr.  Anders Fogh Rasmussen, former Prime Minister of Denmark, accompanied  by a large business delegation, paid a State visit to India from  February 4-8, 2008. He visited Infosys, Biocon and IIM in Bangalore  and Agra. During his visit, Mr. Rasmussen called on the President,  met PM, Chairperson UPA and EAM. He launched an ''India Action Plan'',  which called for strengthening of the political dialogue,  strengthening of cooperation in trade and investments, research in  science and technology, energy, climate and environment, culture,  education, student exchanges and attracting skilled manpower and IT  experts to Denmark for short periods.

Visit  of Prime Minister of Denmark (11 September 2009): Danish  Prime Minister Lars Lokke Rasmussen paid a one day Working Visit to  India on 11 September 2009 as Host of the COP15. He met Prime  Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh and discussed climate change, regional  and bilateral issues.

Inaugural  Meeting of India-Denmark Joint Commission: Danish  Foreign Minister Ms. Lene Espersen visited India on 14-15 December  2010 to Co-Chair with Minister of External Affairs Mr. S.M. Krishna  the Inaugural Meeting of the India-Denmark Joint commission which was  set up under the Agreement signed between the two countries in  February 2008. The two sides discussed key areas of bilateral  cooperation as well as regional and global issues of importance to  both counties. The two Ministers signed the Agreed Minutes of the  Joint Commission meeting encompassing bilateral cooperation in wide  range of areas including political, economic and commercial, science  and technology, biotechnology, information and communication  technology, renewable energy, environment, shipping, agriculture and  fisheries, education and culture, UNSC reforms, terrorism, reforms of  the international financial institutions, disarmament, piracy, etc.  It was agreed to set up three new Joint Working Groups on (i)  Shipping; (ii) Food, Agriculture and Fisheries; and (iii)  Environment. The two sides also agreed to convert the three joint  committees established earlier into Joint Working Groups, viz. (i)  Biotechnology; (ii) New and Renewable Energy; and (iii) Labour  Mobility. During the visit Ms. Espersen also met Minister of Commerce  and Industry Mr. Anand Sharma and National Security Adviser Mr. Shiv  Shankar Menon.

Between  July 2010-2016, India’s relations with Denmark were affected  by the extradition of Kim Davy issue and there was minimal official  contact between the two sides which adversely affected trade and  economic relations and cooperation in multilateral forums. After it  was decided to review our relations and allow Ministerial visits and  official contacts between India and Denmark in end-2016, the  following important Danish Ministers have since visited India;

  • Minister   for Higher Education, Mr. Soren Pind visited India in 6-9 Dec 2016.

  • Minister   for Energy, Utilities and Housing, Mr. Ole Birk Olesen visited India   on 20 Feb 2017.

  • Minister   for Energy, Utilities and Climate Mr. Lars Christian Lilleholt   visited India with a delegation during 10-13 Jan 2017 for the   ‘Vibrant Gujarat Summit’. He had a meeting with Hon’ble PM on   the sidelines of the ‘Vibrant Gujarat Summit’.

    A   Danish delegation led by Minister of Food and Environment Mr.   Esben Lund Larsen participated in the World Food India 2017 held   during 3-5 Nov in Delhi. During his visit the Danish Minister   met Minister of Agriculture Farmers Welfare   on 3 Nov and signed a LoI on increased cooperation in the   agricultural sector. The Minister also met Minister of Food   Processing Industries, as well as Minister   of Road Transport & Highways and Minister   for Science & Technology & Earth Sciences. Hon’ble   PM also visited the Danish Pavilion on 3 Nov.

    A   6-member Danish delegation led by Ms Sophie Lohde, Minister for   Public Sector Innovation participated in the Global Conference on   Cyber Space (GCCS 2017) from 23-26 Nov 2017 in New Delhi. She   discussed bilateral cooperation with Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad,   Minister for Communications & IT and also met Finance Minister   Arun Jaitley.

    Foreign   Minister Anders Samuelsen visited India during 27-30 Nov 2017, the   first visit by a Danish FM since 2010. He met EAM in New Delhi on 27   Nov and held   discussions on various aspects of bilateral ties as well as regional   and multilateral issues of mutual interest. He   attended the Global Entrepreneurship Summit in Hyderabad during   28-30 Nov. He also called on PM in Hyderabad on 28 Nov and discussed   strengthening of bilateral relations. 

    Foreign   Minister Anders Samuelsen again visited India from 17-18   Dec 2018 during which he co-chaired the 2nd JCM and met EAM.   Apart from inaugurating the new Danish Chancery building in New   Delhi and interacting with members of the Indo-Danish Business   Association, he also met the Commerce & Industry Minister during   his visit.

    Jakob   Ellemann-Jensen, Danish Minister for Environment & Food, visited   India from 17-19 Jan 2019. On 17 Jan 2019, he met Smt Harsimrat Kaur   Badal, Minister for Food Processing Industry, Shri Radha Mohan   Singh, Minister of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare as well as Shri   Nitin Gadkari,   Minister for Road   Transport & Highways, Shipping and Water Resources, River   Development & Ganga Rejuvenation in New Delhi. On 18 Jan 2019,   he joined PM Rasmussen at the Vibrant Gujarat Summit in Gandhinagar.

    Foreign   Minister Mr. Jeppe Kofod visited India from 14-16 Jan 2020 to attend   the 5th edition of the Raisina Dialogue. Apart from meeting   Hon’ble PM on the sidelines of the Raisina Dialogue, he met EAM   for bilateral talks where they discussed strengthening bilateral   ties in all spheres and the prospects of a Green Strategic   Partnership. Kofod also met Shri Gajendra Singh Sekhawat, Minister   of Jal Shakti, and discussed further collaboration on Jal Jeevan   Mission especially in water treatment technology. Kofod also   visited the Barapullah site of DESMI, a Danish company that is   currently cleaning the Barapullah drain from floating debris and   collecting mixed waste, on 15 Jan.

Visit  of Minister for Food Processing Industries:  Smt. Harsimrat Kaur Badal, Minister for Food Processing Industries,  visited Denmark from 24 - 25 August, 2017 to attend the World Food  Summit. This was the first Ministerial level visit from India to  Denmark since 2011. A business delegation from Rasna, Rabo Equity  Bank, E&Y India, FSSAI and representatives from the Confederation  of Indian Industry accompanied the Minister and engaged with the  Danish food processing industry on the achievements/investment  opportunities in India and to promote a flag ship event in India  “World Food India”, being organized by the Ministry of Food  Processing in New Delhi from 3-5 November 2017. About 50 Danish  food processing companies participated in both the events. Denmark  agreed to be a Partner country in World Food India and a Business  Delegation of 19 Food processing companies and two organizations  participated in the World Food India held from 3rd to 5th November  2017 in New Delhi. The Danish business delegation was headed by  Danish Minister for the Environment and Food, H.E. Mr. Esben Lunde  Larsen.

Minister  of Food Processing Industries, Smt. Harsimrat Kaur Badal, again  visited Denmark from 30th August-01 September, 2018 to attend  the World Food Summit. The Minister had bilateral meetings with the  Danish Minister of Indusrty, Business and Financial Affairs, Mr.  Rasmus Jarlov, and the Minister of Environment and Food, Mr. Jakob  Ellemann-Jensen.

Visit  of Secretary (MNRE): A  delegation, led by Shri Anand Kumar, Secretary, Ministry of New and  Renewable (MNRE), visited Denmark from 26-28 Feb 2018. Secretary  MNRE led the Indian delegation in the 1st Joint Working Group on  Renewable Energy between India and Denmark. He also called on Danish  Minister for Energy, Utilities and Climate, Mr. Lars Christian  Lilleholt and had detailed discussions on strengthening bilateral  cooperation.

Prime  Ministers of India and Denmark meet:  Danish PM Lars Løkke Rasmussen and Hon’ble PM Narendra Modi met  for the first time in nine years at the India-Nordic Summit in  Stockholm on 17 April 2018 and discussed ways to improve relations.  Four MoUs were exchanged during the meeting which included (a) MOU  on Cooperation in the fields of Animal Husbandry and  Dairying, (b) MoU in the field of Sustainable and Smart  Urban Development, (c) MoU on cooperation in  agricultural research and education and (d) MOU on Food  Safety Cooperation. The MoUs will enable Government-to-Government  cooperation to be revived.

Danish  PM visits India:  Danish PM Lars Løkke Rasmussen visited India from 18-19 Jan 2019 for  "Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit-2019” where Denmark  participated as a Partner Country. He was accompanied by a business  delegation including CEOs of major Danish companies. On 18 Jan,  he held a bilateral meeting with PM Narendra Modi on the sidelines of  the Vibrant Gujarat Summit in Gandhinagar where the two leaders  deliberated upon various areas of bilateral cooperation and also  exchanged views on multilateral issues of mutual interest. Two MoUs  were exchanged during the meeting - MoU on Maritime Issues between  the Ministry of Shipping of India and the Ministry of Industry,  Business and Financial Affairs of Denmark and MoU between Imagine  Panaji Smart City Development Limited and the Danish Embassy in New  Delhi to establish an Urban Living Lab in Panaji, Goa. 

Visit  of Minister for Science & Technology:  Minister for Science & Technology, Earth Sciences and  Environment, Forest & Climate Change, Dr. Harsh Vardhan visited  Denmark during 21-24 May 2018 to attend the 9th Clean Energy  Ministerial (CEM9) and 3rd Mission Innovation Ministerial (MI3)  held in Copenhagen and Malmo (Sweden) which was co-hosted by the  European Commission together with Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Finland  and the Nordic Council of Ministers. The Hon’ble Minister had a  bilateral meeting with the Danish Minister for Higher Education &  Science, Mr. Tommy Ahlers and signed the Agreement on Cooperation in  the Fields of Science, Technology and Innovation. He also visited the  Technical University of Denmark and a state-of-the-art Waste to  Energy Plant in Copenhagen.

Visit  Of Secretary(Shipping): Shri  Gopal Krishna, Secretary(Shipping) visited Denmark from 28-31 May  2018, accompanied by a high level delegation consisting of Shri  Rinkesh Roy, Chairmain of Paradip Port Trust; Shri Neeraj Bansal,  Chairman of Jawaharlal Nehru Port trust; Shri Vikram Kumar, CEO of  Maharashtra Maritime Board. On 29th May, he led the Indian  delegation at the 1st JWG on Shipping and attended a Seminar on  Indian Shipping, Port and Infrastructure opportunities ‘Sagarmala’  at the Danish Maritime Authority in Copenhagen before departing for  Odense where the delegation visited Lindo Port as well as Odense  Maritime Technology(OMT). The delegation also visited Aarhus and  Aalborg on 29-30th May where they also met with the top  management of Alfa Laval Test & Training centre and DESMI Pumps.

Visit  of delegation from Food Safety and Standards Authority of India  (FSSAI): Ms  Madhavi Das (CMSO) from Food Safety and Standards Authority of  India (FSSAI) led a delegation from Ministry of Health & Family  Welfare, Government of India which included Ms Kriti Chugh (Assistant  Director, FSSAI) and Ms Hiya Pandey (Technical Officer, FSSAI) to  Denmark from 19-21 September 2018. This visit was of significance to  learn and exchange the experience of Denmark in monitoring the food  market of unhealthy foods and beverages to children. Also to learn  about the nutritional labelling of the food stuffs available in  market.

Visit  of delegation from State of Gujarat from 26-28 September 2018: Visit  of delegation from India to Denmark headed by Mr. Ashwini Kumar,  Secretary to CMO Gujarat from 26 -28 Sept 2018, in preparation of  Vibrant Gujarat 2019. This delegation from State of Gujarat also  comprised of representatives from Invest India & the  Confederation of Indian Industry (CII); the representatives from the  Gujarat Maritime Board, representatives from various sectors like  education, business, IT sector, textiles etc; Danish Head of Trade  Council, Mr. Jesper Vibe-Hansen. MOU was signed between Indian Green  Building Council (IGBC) and Danish Industry on Water Management on  26th September 2018.

Visit  of Secretary, M/o Road Transport and Highways to Denmark: A  5-member delegation, including senior officials from NHAI and NHIDCL,  led by Shri Yudhvir Singh Malik, Secretary, Road Transport and  Highways visited Denmark from 1-2 Nov 2018.

Delegation  from J&K visits Denmark: A  delegation from J&K led by Dr. Asgar Hassan Samoon, Principal  Secretary, visited Denmark during 1-7 Dec 2018 to explore ways to  collaborate with Denmark in fisheries, aquaculture and procure eyed  ova of rainbow trout for strengthening of trout fisheries in J&K.

Delegations  from Ministry of Power visit Denmark: Two  delegations from Ministry of Power – one from the Central  Electricity Authority (CEA) and the other from Central Electricity  Regulatory Commission (CERC) - visited Denmark during 11-15 March  2019. The CEA and CERC delegations came for discussions and site  visits to learn from Danish expertise in ‘Flexibility of Power  Plants’ and ‘Power Market Design’ respectively.

Visit  of MNRE/SECI Delegation: A  3-member delegation from the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy and  the Solar Energy Corporation of India Ltd (SECI) visited Denmark  during 25-29 March 2019. The delegation had extensive discussions  with the Danish Energy Association on Danish tender model/procedures  for offshore wind.

Visit  of Secretary(Fisheries): A  3-member delegation headed by Smt Rajni  Sekhri Sibal, Secretary  (Fisheries) along with National Fisheries Development Board, CEO visited  Denmark from 10-11 May 2019 to explore the possibilities for  cooperation between Denmark and India in the Fisheries and  Aquaculture sector.

Visit  by National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF): Ms  Saloni Jhaveri, Head, Investor Relations & Partnerships, NIIF  visited Denmark from 20-21 May 2019 to hold meeting with various  Danish Pension Funds.

Indian  delegation on Sustainable Urban Development visit Denmark: A  15-member Indian delegation visited Denmark during 15-21 June 2019 as  part of the ‘Nordic Master Class in Sustainable Urban Development’  sponsored by Nordic Innovation (Nordic Council). The delegation  consisted of senior officials/CEOs from West Bengal, Himachal  Pradesh, Delhi, Shimla, Panaji, Bhopal, Panipat, Sonepat, Mumbai.

Visit  of Secretary(AHD): Shri  Atul Chaturvedi, Secretary, Dept of Animal Husbandry & Dairying,  accompanied by Shri Mihir Kumar Singh, JS, Dr RG Bambal, Director and  Dr. Sulekha, US, visited Denmark during 14-16 Jan 2020 to explore  possibilities for cooperation between India and Denmark in the field  of Animal Husbandry and Dairying.

All  the JWGs envisaged by the Joint Commission in Dec 2010 have been  convened and a total of 17 JWG meetings have been held, as follows :

  1. JWG   on Renewable Energy (Feb 2018 in Copenhagen),

  2. JWG   on Agriculture & Animal Husbandry (May 2018 in Delhi),
  3. JWG   on Food Processing (May 2018 in Delhi)
  4. JWG   on Science & Technology (May 2018 in Copenhagen),
  5. JWG   on Shipping (May 2018 in Copenhagen),

  6. JWG   on Labour Mobility (Aug 2018 in Copenhagen)
  7. 2nd   JWG on Renewable Energy (Oct 2018 in Delhi)

  8. JWG   on Environment (Oct 2018 in Copenhagen)
  9. JWG   on Urban Development (Nov 2018 in Copenhagen)
  10. 2nd JWG   on Food Processing & Food Safety (June 2019 in Copenhagen)
  11. 2nd JWG   on Labour Mobility (4-5 Nov 2019 in New Delhi)
  12. 2nd JWG   on Science & Technology (22 Nov 2019 in New Delhi)
  13. 3rd JWG   on Renewable Energy (11 Dec 2019 via video conference)
  14. 2nd JWG   on Animal Husbandry & Dairying (17 Jan 2020 in Copenhagen)
  15. 2nd JWG   on Shipping (4 Feb 2020 in New Delhi)
  16. JWG   on Digitization (25 June 2020 via video conference)
  17. 2nd   JWG on Urban Development (26 June 2020 via video conference)
  18. 1st JWG on Energy Cooperation (8 Sept 2020 via video conference)
  19. 2nd JWG on Energy Cooperation (18 Nov 2020 via video conference)
  20. 3rd JWG on Shipping (16 Dec 2020 via video conference)
  21. 3rd JWG on Food Processing (18 Dec 2020 via video conference)
Important  Bilateral Treaties and Agreements :

  • Technical   Cooperation Agreement – 1970 -   1981

  • Bilateral   Agreement on an Integrated Fisheries Project at Tadri, Karnataka -   1981

  • Bilateral   Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (BIPA) 1995

  • Protocol   on Avoidance of Double Taxation (DTAA) - 1995

  • MOU   for cooperation between CII and Confederation of Danish Industries –   1995

  • Protocol   on Foreign Office Consultation - 1995

  • Joint   Business Council Agreement between FICCI and the Danish Industry   (DI) - 2002

  • MOU   on Biotechnology for Bilateral Cooperation – 2004

  • Agreement   for establishment of a Bilateral Joint Commission for Cooperation –   Feb 2008

  • MOU   for Cooperation in New and Renewable Energy – Feb 2008

  • Arrangement   on Gainful Employment for Family Members of the Diplomatic Mission   or Consular Posts – Feb 2008

  • MOU   on Clean Development Mechanism – Oct 2008

  • MOU   on Cooperation in the area of Environment – September 2009

  • MOU   on Labour Mobility Partnership – September 2009

  • Social   Security Agreement – February 2010

  • MOU   on Cooperation in the fields of Animal husbandry and Dairying in   April 2018

  • MOU   in the field of Sustainable and Smart Urban Development in April   2018

  • MOU   on Cooperation in agricultural research and education in April 2018

  • MOU   on Food Safety Cooperation in April 2018

  • Agreement   on Cooperation in the fields of Science, Technology and Innovation   in May 2018 Minister of Science & Technology & Earth   Sciences.
  • MoU between   National Institute of Wind Energy and Denmark Technical University   on Collaboration in the field of Wind Energy and Wind-Solar Hybrid   System in Dec 2018.

  • Protocol   on Foreign Office Consultations in Dec 2018
  • MoU   on Maritime Issues between the Ministry of Shipping of India and the   Ministry of Industry, Business and Financial Affairs of Denmark on   18 Jan 2019.

  • Mo   between Imagine Panaji Smart City Development Limited and the Danish   Embassy in New Delhi to establish an Urban Living Lab in Panaji, Goa   on 18 Jan 2019.

  • The   letter of Intent on Centre of Excellence activities on 6 March 2019.

  • Cooperation   Agreement for the Strategic Sector Cooperation on Offshore Wind on   06th March 2019.

  • MoU   on Cooperation in Environment renewed for 5 years on 6 May 2020.

  • MoU   on India-Denmark Energy Cooperation signed on 5 June 2020.

Bilateral  Visits: India to Denmark (2008 onwards)

1.

MOS   for New & Renewable Energy, Mr. Vilas Muttemwar

7-9   April 2008

2.

Minister   of Overseas Indian Affairs Mr. Vayalar Ravi

28-29   Sept 2009

3.

MOS   for Environment & Forests, Mr. Jairam Ramesh

9-11   Oct 2009

4.

MOS   for Environment & Forests, Mr. Jairam Ramesh

15-17   Nov 2009

5.

Prime   Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh (for COP15)

17-18   Dec 2009

6.

Minister   of Water Resources, Mr. Salman Khurshid

8-9   Jun 2011

7.

Parliamentary   delegation led by Speaker of Lok Sabha, Mrs. Meira Kumar

16-19   Jun 2011

8.

Minister   for Food Processing Industries, Mrs. Harsimrat Kaur Badal

24-25   Aug 2017

9.

Dr.   Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Science & Technology Smt.

21-24   May 2018

10.

Minister   Of Food Processing Industries, Smt. Harsimrat Kaur Badal,

30-31   Aug 2018

Denmark  to India (2008 onwards)

1.

Prime   Minister Mr. Anders Fogh Rasmussen

4-8   Feb2008

2.

Minister   of Climate & Energy Ms. Connie Hedegaard

4-6   Feb 2009

3.

Minister   of Environment Mr. Troels Lund Poulsen

18-21   Feb 2009

4.

Prime   Minister Mr. Lars Lokke Rasmussen

11   Sept 2009

5.

Minister   of Climate & Energy Ms. Connie Hedegaard

22-23   Oct 2009

6.

Minister   of Climate & Energy Ms. Lykke Friis

5-7   Feb 2010

7.

Minister   of Employment Ms. Inger Stojberg

15-17   Feb 2010

8.

Minister   of Transport Mr. Hans Christian Schmidt

18-22   Jun 2010

9.

Minister   of Foreign Affairs Ms. Lene Espersen

14-15   Dec 2010

10.

Minister   of Economy & Business Affairs Mr. Biran Mikkelsen

3-7   Jan 2011

10.

Minister   for Higher Education, Mr. Soren Pind

6-9   Dec 2016

11.

Minister   for Energy, Utilities & Climate Mr. Lars Christian Lilleholt

10-13   Jan 2017

12.

Minister   for Transport and Housing Mr. Ole Brik Olesen

20   Feb 2017

13.

Minister   for the Environment & Food Mr. Esben Lunde Larsen

3-5   Nov 2017

14.

Minister   for Public Sector Innovation Ms. Sophie Lohde

23-26   Nov 2017

15

Foreign   Minister Mr. Anders Samuelsen

27-30   Nov 2017

16

Foreign   Minister Mr. Anders Samuelsen

16-   18 Dec 2018

17

Minister   for Environment & Food Mr. Jakob Ellemann-Jensen

17-19   Jan 2019

18

Prime   Minister Lars Løkke Rasmussen

18-19   Jan 2019

19

Foreign   Minister Jeppe Kofod

14-16   Jan 2020

Important  streets and public places named after Indian leaders: Gandhi  Plaene (Gandhi Park), located at the junction of BorupsAlle and  Hvidkildevej in Copenhagen. Has a bronze statue of Mahatma Gandhi in  sitting posture. City of Aarhus has a Nehru Road near Aarhus  University.

Visa  requirements for officials: Holders  of diplomatic and official passports do not require visa to enter  Denmark. Others require a visa. Visa may be required to transit  through other EU countries while travelling to Denmark. The details  and types of visas issued to tourists, businessmen and students are  available on the Danish Embassy''s website.

Air  links with India: Air  India has a direct flight between New Delhi to Copenhagen and vice  versa commenced from 16th September 2017 on Tuesday, Thursday, Friday  and Saturday of the week. Finnair operates direct flight to India via  Helsinki and Jet Airways through Amsterdam. Convenient links to get  an Air India flight to India are from London, Paris and Frankfurt.  Other connections are via Vienna, Moscow and Istanbul.

Estimated  NRI/PIO: The  size of the Indian community in Denmark, inclusive of both NRIs  (12,090) and PIOs, (3,100) is 15,190 (as on 30 June 2019).

Commercial  and Economic Relations: Though  small in size, Denmark is a rich country with an open economy which  relies heavily on foreign trade and investment to generate high level  of income. It has a GDP of about US$ 350 billion (2018 estimate).

Bilateral Trade
Commodities

Bilateral trade of commodities between India and Denmark has increased from US$1077.8 million in 2009 to US$ 1263 million in 2020. Bilateral commodities trade figures for the year 2009 to 2020 is given below.

INDIA-DENMARK TRADE 
(Commodities)
(in US$ million)

Year

India's Exports

India's Imports

Total Trade

Growth Rate

India's BoT 

surplus

2009

689.0

388.8

1077.8

(-)13.7%

300.2

2010

728.0

483.3

1211.3

12.7%

244.2

2011

992.0

597.0

1589.0

31%

395.0

2012

767.2

453.9

1221.1

(-)23%

313.3

2013

811.4

393.3

1204.7

(-)1.3%

418.1

2014

904

437

1341

11.5%

467

2015

667

384

1051

(-)21.7%

283

2016

701

428

1129

7.4%

273

2017

783

477

1260

11.6%

306

2018

846

566

1412

12.0%

280

2019

766

596

1362

(-)3.5%

170

2020

720

543

1263

(-)7.3%

177

[Source: Statistics Denmark]

Indian export of commodities in 2020 (US$ 720 mn) decreased by 6% as compared to 2019 (US $ 766 mn). Major Indian Exports to Denmark are articles of apparel and clothing accessories,  Textile yarns and made up fabrics, travel goods and handbags, Organic Chemicals,  General Industrial Machinery and Equipment, iron and steel, Miscellaneous manufactures articles,  footwear and Furniture and parts thereof, bedding, mattresses etc.

Danish exports to India increased by 8.9% from US$ 596 million in 2019 to US$ 543 million during 2020. Major Danish Exports to India are medicinal and pharmaceutical products, general industrial machinery and equipment, electrical machinery, Machinery specialized for particular industries,   metalliferous ores and metal scraps, chemical materials, Professional, scientific and controlling instruments, organic chemicals, power generating machinery and iron and steel etc.

Services
India's Services exports to Denmark were valued at US$ 1,034 million in 2020, which was 4.2% higher than 2019 figure of US$ 992 million (Source: Statistics Denmark).The combined commodities and services bilateral trade between India and Denmark was US$ 3.58 billion in 2020 as compared to US$ 3.68 billion in 2019 which is an decrease of 2.7%. India’s combined commodities and services trade to Denmark was US$1.758 billion in 2019 compared to US$1.754 billion in 2020, while Danish combined trade was US$1.930 billion in 2019 compared to US$ 1.829 billion during the year 2020. Balance of trade in 2020 was slightly in favour of Denmark- India’s imports being US $ 1,829 mn and exports US $ 1,754 mn.  (Source: Statistics Denmark). 

Investments:
As per the latest Denmark Statistics, the value of total direct investment inflows from Denmark to India during 2000-2019 was US $ 1,333 mn.  According to DPIIT, the total Danish investment was reported at US$ 669 mn for the period April 2000 – December 2020. Major investing companies from Denmark include the Danish Shipping giant, the AP Moller – Maersk Group who has made significant investments in the port infrastructure in India, acquiring a major equity stake in the Gujarat Pipavav Port, development of a bulk terminal at the Jawaharlal Nehru Port to a container terminal, Cheminova Agro, F. L. Smidth& Co., Danfoss, CHR Hansen, Danisco, LM Glasfiber, Lundbeck, Egmont International Holding, Novozymes, Novo Nordisk, Carlsberg, Ramboll,Cowi, ISS and others.

The  presence of Indian companies in Denmark is rather small. Among IT  companies, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) and L&T Infotech have  their offices in Denmark since 1990 and 2000 respectively. In the  last few years, other Indian IT majors, viz., Infosys Technologies  (invested in Aarhus based start-up UNSILO), ITC Infotech, Tech  Mahindra, HCL and Wipro have also started their operations in  Denmark. Reliance Industries Ltd. acquired ''TreviraNeckelmann'', a  textile factory producing specialised yarns located in the Danish  town of Silkeborg, as part of its take over of the European ''Trevira  Group'' from Deutsche Bank in June 2004. Thermax India acquired  Danstoker A/S, Denmark, a leading European boiler manufacturer and  its German subsidiary, Omnical Kessel for Euro 29.5 million in  November 2010.Suzlon Energy Ltd., the Pune-based wind turbine  producer, opened its overseas marketing office in Aarhus in Denmark  in 2005. Dr. Reddy'' Laboratories Ltd. (DRL) has entered into a  co-development and commercialization agreement with Denmark-based  firm Rheoscience A/S for joint development of balaglitazone for  treatment of Type 2 Diabetes. Novozymes and Praj Industries have  entered into an agreement whereby Novozymes would provide enzymes  that will enable the Indian company to refine the process for making  bio-ethanol – an organic and carbon-free alternative to  petrol.Indian IT  company Wipro acquired Danish owned global  strategic design firm Designit in June 2015.Indian Susin Group  acquired majority share in Danish LBH International A/S in the   Expansion Joints business.

On 27  Jan 2020, Cactus Communications, the Indian global scientific  communications company, announced that it had acquired UNSILO, a  Denmark-based Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Natural Language  Processing (NLP) company that specializes in text analytics,  linguistics and data science. UNSILO provides AI tools and solutions  for publishers to grow their business and improve customer experience  which will help CACTUS which has evolved into a full-spectrum  solutions provider for creators, publishers, and consumers of  scientific content.

On 30  Jan 2020, Danish company Brødrene Hartmann A/S, a manufacturer  of moulded fibre packaging for eggs and fruits acquired the Indian  company Mohan Fibre Products Pvt. Ltd for DKK 119mn (INR 125.41 crore),  marking its entry into India. Hartmann said that the acquisition is  in line with its strategy, which entails significant investments in  existing markets including India where it sees significant growth  potentials.

Recent  visits of Commercial delegations to Denmark: 

CII  delegation: 
A  15 member business delegation mounted by Confederation of Indian  Industries visited Copenhagen on 4 May 2016. From the CII side it was  led by Ms. Kavita Choudhry, Regional Director- Europe and Mr. Mohsin  Khan, Deputy Director (Europe). Ambassador Rajeev Shahare briefed the  delegation on India Denmark Relations and potential business  opportunities. A B2B meeting was organized in which around 25 to 30  Danish Companies signed up to meet the Indian Delegation. The  delegation also had an interactive session with The State of Green  followed by presentation from Cluster and Association representatives  from CLEAN, Danish Agricultural Council and Medicon Valley Alliance.  The Delegation also visited the Danish Trade Council, Innovation Fund  Denmark, Invest in Denmark and Investment Fund for Developing  Countries (IFU).

CEUCCI  Delegation
A 13 member The Council of EU Chambers of Commerce in India organised  a visit of a Business Delegation to Copenhagen, Denmark from 31 May  to 1 June 2017. An MOU to further cooperation in trade between The  Council of EU Chamber of Commerce and Confederation of Danish  Industries was signed facilitated by the Embassy.  Cluster/Associations like State of Green, Copenhagen Capacity,  Copenhagen Electric, Danish Ship-owners Association, the  Manufacturing Association of Denmark, Investment fund for Developing  Countries (IFU) and Indian Danish Chamber of Commerce (IDCC) were  introduced to the visiting delegation.

NASSCOM  Delegation: 
A  10 member delegation led by Shivendra Singh, Vice President Global  Trade Development, NASSCOM accompanied by 8 Indian technical  companies representatives from India visited Copenhagen on 15 April  2018. The purpose of their Nordic visit was to assess the potential  for partnership and collaboration between Danish startups and tie up  with established Indian tech companies. The delegation also visited  Copenhagen Fintech lab which hosts 50 fintech startup residents and  150 startups in their network. Indian embassy organized program with  the Agency for Digitalization under Danish Ministry for Public  Innovation. NASSCOM ended their program with a networking session  arranged by the Mission along with Copenhagen Business School.

ONGC  Delegation:
    A 22-member delegation comprising senior officials from ONGC along  with two professors of IIM, Kolkata visited Copenhagen from 30-31 May  2018 as part of the AMP course conducted by IIM, Kolkata for senior  executives. They visited the Confederation of Danish Industries  (State of Green) and were also introduced to activities of House of  Energy, Indian Danish Chamber of Commerce, Copenhagen Infrastructure  partners and Copenhagen Centre on Energy Efficiency.
   
  
Goa  Tourism Roadshow held in Copenhagen
  
A  Roadshow by Goa Tourism was organised on 29 May 2018 at Imperial  Hotel in Copenhagen by Goa Tourism Development Corporation(GTDC) and  Mission. Mr. Nikhil Desai, Managing director, was present for the  event along with HOC and MO from Mission. 35 Danish tour operators  attended the event where GTDC gave a presentation on various  facilities available as well as tourist attractions in Goa which  receives close to 1 million tourists a year.

BSM  by EPCH in Copenhagen
The  Export Promotion Council for Handicrafts (EPCH), in collaboration  with Mission, held the Indian  Home Decor & Fashion Exhibition Buyer-Seller  Meet (BSM) in Copenhagen during 22-23 Aug 2019. 25 Indian companies  from various states dealing in handicraft products participated in  the Exhibition. More than 100 buyers from different sourcing  companies in Denmark visited the Exhibition and interacted with the  Indian companies.

Delegation  from National Fisheries Development Board visit Denmark
A  15-member delegation led by Smt Ismal Rani Kumudini, CEO of National  Fisheries Development Board (NFDB) visited Denmark to participate in  the DanFish  International 2019 held  during 9-11 Oct 2019 at Aalborg. The delegation included officials of  Fisheries Departments from various states including Jammu &  Kashmir, Gujarat, Sikkim, National Institute of Ocean Technology  (NIOT), Andaman, and Coastal Aquaculture Authority (CAA), Chennai.  Apart from participating in the Exhibition, the delegation visited  various model fish farms, producers of machinery for fish processing,  producers of food for fish and AquaSearch in Billund who have been  supplying rainbow trout ova to Jammu & Kashmir.

Kerala  Tourism Roadshow held in Copenhagen
On 30  Oct 2019, a delegation of 10 travel-related companies from Kerala,  led by Shri P. Bala Kiran, Director, Kerala Tourism, held a Tourism  Roadshow in Copenhagen. The event was held at Radission Royal in  central Copenhagen and was attended by around 50 Danish tour  operators and stakeholders from the travel industry. Currently,  Kerala is the main destination of about one-third of Danish tourists  visiting India.

Indian  delegation attends Wind Europe Offshore 2019
A  15-member delegation from Ministry of New & Renewable Energy, M/o  Environment, Forest & Climate Change, National Institute of Wind  Energy, Gujarat Maritime Board, Gujarat Electricity Board, Solar  Energy Corporation of India and Tamil Nadu Energy Development Agency  attended the Wind Europe Offshore 2019 Conference in Copenhagen from  25-28 Nov 2019.