About Us India Denmark Relations/India

Embassy of India 
    Copenhagen
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India-Denmark Relations

 

The diplomatic relations between India and Denmark, established in September 1949, are marked by regular high level exchanges; and are based on historical links, common democratic traditions and shared desire for regional, as well as international peace and stability. Bilateral relations were elevated to the level of “Green Strategic Partnership” during the Virtual Summit held on 28 September 2020 between Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi and Prime Minister of Denmark Ms. Mette Frederiksen. The current development of renewed India-Denmark relations has been guided by the “Green Strategic Partnership”.

 

I. Recent High-Level Interactions

 

2. Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi paid an official visit to Denmark on 3-4 May 2022. The visit included two components- bilateral talks with PM Frederiksen and the 2nd India-Nordic Summit hosted by India and Denmark. During the bilateral talks, the two Prime Ministers reviewed the progress of India-Denmark Green Strategic Partnership and exchanged views on regional and global issues of mutual interest. Queen Margrethe II received Prime Minister and hosted an official dinner in his honour. PM also interacted with the Indian community in Copenhagen and addressed an India-Denmark Business Forum with Crown Prince Frederik and Prime Minister Frederiksen at the Confederation of Danish Industry. MoUs/Agreements in the fields of migration and mobility, green shipping, cultural exchange programme, water resource management, skill development, animal husbandry and dairying were exchanged. On 4 May, PM attended the 2nd India-Nordic Summit along with the Prime Ministers of Denmark, Iceland, Norway, Sweden and Finland and reviewed the India-Nordic relations. A Joint Statement reiterating strong commitment to multilateralism and international cooperation, and a robust partnership with Nordic countries to help promote innovation, economic growth, climate friendly solutions and mutually beneficial trade and investments was issued. On the sidelines of the Summit, Prime Minister held bilateral talks with PMs of Finland, Iceland, Sweden and Norway.

 

3. Prime Minister Frederiksen paid a State Visit to India on 9-11 October 2021 and held bilateral talks with our Prime Minister. During the visit, she also called on Hon’ble President of India. This was the first visit by a Head of Government to India following the COVID-19 pandemic.

 

4. Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi and the Prime Minister of Denmark Ms. Mette Frederiksen co-chaired a Virtual Summit on 28 September 2020. During the Summit, the two Prime Ministers launched the “Green Strategic Partnership” between both countries.

 

5. Earlier in January 2019, then Danish Prime Minister Mr. Lars Løkke Rasmussen had visited India from 18-19 January 2019 for the Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit, where Denmark participated as a Partner Country. Prime Minister Modi met Danish Prime Minister Rasmussen at the India-Nordic Summit in Stockholm on 17 April 2018. This meeting at the level of Prime Ministers was held after a gap of 9 years.

 

6. Recent Ministerial visits from India to Denmark include visit by Minister of Jal Shakti Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat for the World Water Congress & Exhibition from 12-14 September 2022; External Affairs Minister Dr. S. Jaishankar on 4-5 September 2021 for the 4th Joint Commission Meeting; visit of Minister for Science & Technology Dr. Harsh Vardhan on 21-24 May 2018 to attend the 9th Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM9) held in Copenhagen; and visit of Minister for Food Processing Industries Mrs. Harsimrat Kaur Badal in August 2017 and September 2018 to attend the World Food Summit. A Ministerial delegation led by Shri Mahesh Joshi, Minister for Public Health Engineering and Ground Water, Rajasthan Government also visited Aarhus in August 2022 for cooperation in the field of water resources management.

 

7.Several Danish Ministers have also visited India in the recent past. These include visit by Danish Minister for Development Cooperation Mr. Flemming Moller Mortensen on 10-13 August 2022; Danish Minister of Health Mr. Magnus Heunicke on 7-10 March 2022; Danish Minister for Climate, Energy and Utilities Mr. Dan Jorgensen on 7-10 September 2021; Foreign Minister Mr. Jeppe Kofod visit on 14-16 January 2020 to attend the 5th edition of the Raisina Dialogue; then Minister for Environment and Food Mr. Jakob Ellemann-Jensen on 17-19 January 2019; then Foreign Minister Mr. Anders Samuelsen from 17-18 December 2018 and 27-30 November 2017 during which he co-chaired the Joint Commission Meeting with the External Affairs Minister.

 

8. Recent exchange of Parliamentary delegations include visit of a 7-member Danish Parliamentary Foreign Policy Committee delegation led by Chairman Martin Lidegaard to India from 3-6 March 2020. From Indian side, a Parliamentary Delegation led by Speaker Smt. Meira Kumar visited Denmark from 16-18 June 2011. This year, a UP Legislature delegation led by Shri Satish Mahana, Speaker, UP Legislative Assembly and Shri Kunwar Manvendra Singh, Chairperson, UP Legislative Council visited Denmark from 13-16 August and met Chairman of the Danish Parliament’s Foreign Affairs Committee, Mr. Bertel Haarder.

 

II. Bilateral Institutional Mechanisms

 

9. There are several bilateral institutional mechanisms at different levels between India and Denmark. The Joint Commission Meeting at the Foreign Ministers' level (established in 2008) and the Foreign Office Consultations at Secretary-level (established in 1995) provide the broad framework for bilateral consultations encompassing all areas of mutual interest. So far, four meetings of the Joint Commission have been held. The latest meeting was held in Copenhagen in September 2021 during which both sides reviewed the progress made since the launch of the Green Strategic Partnership. Foreign Office Consultations have been held six times since 1995.

 

10. Further, a broad-ranging dialogue mechanisms between various Ministries of both sides have been put in place by establishing 11 Joint Working Groups in (i) Renewable Energy, (ii) Shipping and Ports, (iii) Agriculture & Animal Husbandry, (iv) Food Processing, (v) Science & Technology, (vi) Labour Mobility, (vii) Environment, (viii) Smart Cities, (ix) Digitisation (x) Energy Cooperation, and (xi) Health and Medicine. Several Joint Working Groups meetings have taken place since 2018, with the 5th JWG on Renewable Energy and 4th JWG on Energy held most recently in Copenhagen in September 2022.

 

III. Commercial and Economic Relations

 

11. Bilateral trade in goods and services between India and Denmark has grown by 78%, from USD 2.8 billion in 2016 to USD 5 billion in 2021. As per Denmark Statistics, the total volume of bilateral trade in goods and services between India and Denmark rose to around USD 5 billion as compared to USD 3.6 billion in 2020 (registering a growth of around 38.5% y-o-y). Indian exports reached USD 2 billion in 2021 as compared to USD 1.8 billion in 2020, while imports amounted to around USD 3 billion as against USD 1.8 billion in 2020.

 

12. Bilateral commodities trade in goods figures from financial year 2015-16 to 2021-22 are given below:

(Figures in US$ million)  

Financial Year

India's Exports

India's Imports

Total
Trade

Growth Rate
%

India's Balance of Trade Surplus

2016-17

692.94

481.55

1,174.50

5.12

211.39

2017-18

784.10

564.55

1,348.66

14.83

219.55

2018-19

746.59

537.30

1,283.89

-4.80

209.29

2019-20

733.96

632.40

1,366.36

6.42

101.55

2020-21

755.25

589.13

1,344.37

-1.61

166.12

2021-22

944.15

888.73

1,832.88

36.33

55.42

2022-23 (Apr-Aug)

406.87

326.39

733.39

-

80.48

[Source: DGFT, Dept. of Commerce; figures include trade in goods only]

 

13. The major export items from India to Denmark are textiles, apparels and yarns related, vehicles and components, metal goods, iron and steel, leather and footwear, and travel goods. Major Danish exports to India are medicinal/pharmaceutical products, power generating machinery, industrial machinery, metal waste and ore, and organic chemicals.

 

14. Bilateral trade in services between India and Denmark was USD 3.42 billion in 2021 (import to India in services amounting to USD 2.26 billion and export in service sector by India valued at USD 1.16 billion). (Source: Denmark Statistics)

 

15. As per Denmark Statistics figures, the value of total direct investment inflows from Denmark to India during 2000-2020 was USD 1.5 billion. Around 200 Danish companies have invested in India in sectors such as shipping, renewable energy, environment, agriculture, food processing and smart urban development. Several major Danish companies have built new manufacturing factories under the ‘Make in India’ scheme. Major Danish companies present in India include AP Moller Maersk Group, Vestas, LM Wind Power, Grundfos, Danfoss, Carlsberg, FL Smidth, Novo Nordisk, Haldar Topsoe, Ramboll, etc.

 

16. As per the information available from Invest in Denmark, the total value of Indian investments in Denmark is about USD 560 million. Around 25 Indian companies are present in Denmark in various sectors, including IT, renewable energy and engineering. Indian companies present in Denmark include Infosys, Tata Consultancy Services, L&T Infotech, HCL, Infosys etc. They are providing IT solutions, projects consultancy and outsourcing services, for Danish services sector. In a major acquisition in July 2022, Infosys acquired Danish life sciences consulting and technology company, BASE life sciences for Euro 110 million, strengthening footprint in Denmark.

 

IV. Cultural Cooperation

 

17. The Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav to commemorate 75 years of India’s Independence is being celebrated with much fervour across Denmark with lighting up iconic Danske Industries building with the Indian tricolor, hoisting of the tricolor at the Royal Stock Exchange, Børsen in Central Copenhagen and a multitude of events including Har Ghar Tiranga initiative, singing of Rashtragaan with the Indian diaspora participating in large numbers, food and film festivals, talks on India@75 by eminent persons, school outreach programme with interactive sessions, youth cricket workshop, rangoli, art and dance workshops; essay writing, painting and poster making competitions etc. Commemorating the Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, the Indian Naval Ship Tarangini made a port call at Aalborg in August 2022 and also participated in the Tall Ship Race 2022. A Cultural Exchange Programme was signed during the visit of Hon’ble PM to Denmark in May 2022 for taking forward cooperation in the cultural sector.

 

18. The International Day of Yoga is celebrated every year by the Embassy across Denmark with the active participation of several organisations like Art of Living, Brahma Kumaris and Danish Sports Yoga Federation. The 8th International Day of Yoga in June 2022 was the most wide spread and high impact, with all important cities of the country, viz. Copenhagen, Aarhus, Aalborg, Vejle, Sonderborg, Birkerod, Vedbaek and Odense, hosting events. The flagship IDY event was held at the iconic Danske Industribuilding in the morning of 21 June 2022, which was covered live by India’s national broadcaster Doordarshan under the ‘Guardian Ring’ initiative. For the first time, the International Day of Yoga was also celebrated in Greenland with participation of local Greenlandic community, thereby taking yoga to the Arctic region. Gurudev Sri Sri Ravi Shankar visited Denmark and gave inspiring address on Indian healing systems in September 2022.

 

19. As part of the 150th Birth Anniversary Celebrations of Mahatma Gandhi, the Embassy organised various events including talks on Gandhiji and tree-planting ceremonies at more than 20 educational institutions including Copenhagen and Roskilde Universities, Kold College, IBC Kolding, Zealand Business College and schools etc.

 

V. Indian Diaspora / People-to-People Contacts

 

20. The size of the Indian community in Denmark, inclusive of both NRIs (14,446) and PIOs (4,046) is approx 18,492. These include IT professionals, doctors, engineers, finance & banking professionals, academics and students. Important streets and public places named after Indian leaders include Gandhi Plaene (Gandhi Park), Indiakaj (road named after India) and Nehru Road near Aarhus University in Aarhus.

 

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November 2022