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India-Denmark Bilateral Relations

Bilateral relations between India and Denmark are cordial and friendly, based on synergies in political, economic, academic and research fields. There have been periodic high-level visits between the two countries.

Prime-Ministerial level interactions

Visit of Prime Minister of Denmark (2021): Prime Minister of Denmark H.E. Ms. Mette Frederiksen paid a State Visit to India from 9-11 October 2021. This was the first visit by a Head of Government to India following the COVID-19 pandemic. PM Frederiksen was accompanied by a high-level official and business delegation. In her bilateral exchanges, PM Frederiksen held talks with Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi. She also called on Hon’ble President of India. EAM called on PM Frederiksen. During the bilateral talks, both sides reviewed the progress in the Green Strategic Partnership which was established during the Virtual Summit held in September 2020. The two Prime Ministers also discussed regional and global developments, including the post-pandemic global economic recovery, Indo-Pacific and the situation inAfghanistan. A number of Government-to-Government and B2B MoUs/Agreements were exchanged during the visit.

Virtual Summit:Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi and the Prime Minister of Denmark, H.E. Ms. Mette Frederiksen co-chaired a Virtual Summit between India and Denmark on 28 September 2020. Both Prime Ministers held in-depth exchange of views in a warm and friendly atmosphere on bilateral relations, discussed the Covid-19 pandemic and global matters of interest to both sides, including climate change and green transition, and reached common understanding with a view to accelerating sustainable economies and societies. A significant boost was given to the bilateral relationship with the launching of a Green Strategic Partnership between the two countries during the Summit.

Danish Prime Minister’s visit to India: Danish PM Lars Løkke Rasmussen visited India from 18-19 January 2019 for the Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit 2019, where Denmark participated as a Partner Country. He was accompanied by a business delegation including CEOs of major Danish companies. On 18 January, he held a bilateral meeting with PM Shri Narendra Modi on the sidelines of the Vibrant Gujarat Summit in Gandhinagar where the two leaders deliberated upon various areas of bilateral cooperation and also exchanged views on multilateral issues of mutual interest. Two MoUs were exchanged during the meeting - MoU on Maritime Issues between the Ministry of Shipping of India and the Ministry of Industry, Business and Financial Affairs of Denmark and MoU between Imagine Panaji Smart City Development Limited and the Danish Embassy in New Delhi to establish an Urban Living Lab in Panaji, Goa. 

India-Nordic Summit: Hon’ble PM metthe then Danish PM Lars Løkke Rasmussen at the India-Nordic Summit in Stockholm on 17 April 2018 and discussed ways to improve relations. This meeting at the level of Prime Ministers was held after a gap of 9 years. Four MoUs were exchanged during the meeting, viz. (a) MoU on cooperation in the fields of Animal Husbandry and Dairying, (b) MoU in the field of Sustainable and Smart Urban Development, (c) MoU on cooperation in Agricultural Research and Education, and (d) MoU on Food Safety Cooperation. These helped improve sectoral government-to-government cooperation and the meeting gave further impetus to the relationship.

Visit of Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh to Denmark (December 2009): Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh visited Denmark on 17-18 December 2009 to participate in COP15. PM’s visit was brief and dedicated for the COP-15; there was no bilateral meeting with the Danish dignitaries.

Visit of Prime Minister of Denmark (September 2009): Danish Prime Minister Lars Lokke Rasmussen paid a one day working visit to India on 11 September 2009 as Host of the COP-15. He met the then Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh and discussed climate change, regional and bilateral issues.

Visit of Prime Minister of Denmark (February 2008): Mr.  Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Prime Minister of Denmark, accompanied by a strong business delegation, paid a State visit to India from 4-8 February 2008. He visited Infosys, Biocon and IIM in Bangalore and Agra. During his visit, Mr. Rasmussen called on Hon’ble President and held a meeting with the Prime Minister and EAM. He launched an “'India Action Plan'', which called for strengthening of the political dialogue, cooperation in trade and investments, research in science and technology, energy, climate and environment, culture, education, student exchanges and attracting skilled manpower and IT experts to Denmark for short periods.

Prime Minister Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee visited Denmark to participate in the India-EU Summit in October 2002 and had discussions with Danish PM Anders Fogh Rasmussen on bilateral, regional and international issues. He also called on H.M. Queen Margrethe II.

High-level Ministerial Visits

Between 2011-2016, India’s relations with Denmark were affected by the extradition case of Kim Davy and there was minimal official contact between the two sides. In end-2016, it was decided to review our relations and allow Ministerial visits and official contacts between India and Denmark, the following important Ministerial visits have been exchanged:

From India to Denmark

  • External Affairs Minister, Dr. S. Jaishankar visited Denmark from 4-5 September 2021 for the 4th Joint Commission Meeting. The meeting was co-chaired by Mr. Jeppe Kofod, Foreign Minister of Denmark and the two Ministers discussed the entire gamut of bilateral relations, including regional, global and multilateral issues of mutual interest. An MoU on Health and Medicine was exchanged between the two sides and a Joint Working Group on Health was established under the Joint Commission.
  • Minister for Science & Technology, Dr. Harsh Vardhan visited Denmark during 21-24 May 2018 to attend the 9th Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM9) and 3rd Mission Innovation Ministerial (MI3) held in Copenhagen and Malmo (Sweden). He had a bilateral meeting with the Danish Minister for Higher Education & Science and signed the Agreement on Cooperation in the Fields of Science, Technology and Innovation.
  • Minister for Food Processing Industries, Smt. Harsimrat Kaur Badal visited Denmark from 24 - 25 August, 2017 to attend the World Food Summit. This was the first Ministerial level visit from India to Denmark since 2011. A business delegation accompanied the Minister and engaged with the Danish food processing industryMinister of Food Processing Industries of India again visited Denmark from 30 August - 01 September 2018 to attend the World Food Summit. The Minister had bilateral meetings with Danish Minister of Industry, Business and Financial Affairs, Mr.  Rasmus Jarlov, and the Minister of Environment and Food, Mr. Jakob Ellemann-Jensen.

Denmark to India

  • Danish Minister for Climate, Energy and Utilities, Dan Jorgensen, visited India from 7-10 September 2021 with a strong business delegation. He called on the Minister of Commerce and Industry, the Minister of Power and New & Renewable Energy, and the Minister for Environment, Forest & Climate Change. During his visit, a joint Centre of Excellence for Offshore Wind Energy was launched in New Delhi.
  • Foreign Minister Jeppe Kofod visited India from 14-16 January 2020 to attend the 5th edition of the Raisina Dialogue. Apart from meeting   Hon’ble PM on the sidelines of the Raisina Dialogue, he met EAM   for bilateral talks where they discussed strengthening bilateral ties in all spheres and the prospects of a Green Strategic Partnership. FM Kofod also met Shri Gajendra Singh Sekhawat, Minister of Jal Shakti, and discussed further collaboration on Jal Jeevan   Mission especially in water treatment technology. FM Kofod also visited the Barapullah site of DESMI, a Danish company that is currently cleaning the Barapullah drain from floating debris and collecting mixed waste, on 15 January.
  • Danish Minister for Environment & Food Mr. Jakob Ellemann-Jensen  visited  India from 17-19 January 2019. He met Minister for Food Processing Industry, the Minister of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare as well as the Minister for Road Transport & Highways, Shipping and Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation in New Delhi. He joined the Prime Minister of Denmark at the Vibrant Gujarat Summit in Gandhinagar.
  • Danish Foreign Minister Mr. Anders Samuelsen visited India from 17-18 December 2018 during which he co-chaired the 2nd JCM and met EAM. Apart from inaugurating the new Danish Chancery building in New   Delhi and interacting with members of the Indo-Danish Business   Association, he also met the Commerce & Industry Minister during   his visit.
  • Foreign Minister Anders Samuelsen visited India during 27-30 November 2017, the   first visit by a Danish FM since 2010. He met EAM in New Delhi on 27 November and held discussions on various aspects of bilateral ties as well as regional and multilateral issues of mutual interestHe attended the Global Entrepreneurship Summit in Hyderabad during   28-30 November 2017. He also called on PM in Hyderabad on 28 November and discussed strengthening of bilateral relations. 
  • A 6-member Danish delegation led by Ms. Sophie Lohde, Minister for Public Sector Innovation participated in the Global Conference on Cyber Space (GCCS 2017) from 23-26 November 2017 in New Delhi. She discussed bilateral cooperation with Minister for Communications & IT and also met the Finance Minister.
  • A Danish delegation led by Minister of Food and Environment Mr. Esben Lund Larsen participated in the World Food India 2017 held during 3-5 November in Delhi. During his visit, the Danish Minister met Minister of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare on 3 November and signed a LoI on increased cooperation in the   agricultural sector. The Minister also met Minister of Food Processing Industries, as well as Minister of Road Transport & Highways and Minister for Science & Technology & Earth Sciences. Hon’ble PM also visited the Danish Pavilion on 3 November 2017.
  • Minister for Energy, Utilities and Climate Lars Christian Lilleholt visited India with a delegation during 10-13 January 2017 for the ‘Vibrant Gujarat Summit’. He had a meeting with Hon’ble PM on the sidelines of the ‘Vibrant Gujarat Summit’.
  • Minister for Energy, Utilities and Housing, Ole Birk Olesen visited India on 20 February 2017.
  • Danish Minister for Higher Education, Soren Pind visited India from 6-9 December 2016.

Institutional Mechanisms for Cooperation

The India-Denmark Joint Commission was established pursuant to an agreement signed on February 6, 2008. The Joint Commission has since held four meetings; 1st Meeting in December 2010 and 2nd Meeting in December 2018, both in New Delhi. The 3rd Joint Commission meeting was held virtually on 12 May 2020 in which both sides agreed to work towards Green Strategic Partnership, facilitate Parliamentary exchanges, deepen economic engagement and expand cooperation in multilateral organizations. The 4thJoint Commission meeting was held in Copenhagen in September 2021 during which both sides reviewed the progress made since the launch of the Green Strategic Partnership. A broad-ranging dialogue between various Ministries has been put in place by establishing 11 Joint Working Groups in (i) Renewable Energy, (ii) Shipping and Ports, (iii) Agriculture & Animal Husbandry, (iv) Food Processing, (v) Science & Technology, (vi) Labour Mobility, (vii) Environment, (viii) Smart Cities, (ix) Digitisation (x) Energy Cooperation, and (xi) Health and Medicine. 25 Joint Working Groups meetings havetaken place since 2018.

Important Bilateral Treaties and Agreements:

  • Technical   Cooperation Agreement 1970 - 1981
  • Bilateral   Agreement on an Integrated Fisheries Project at Tadri, Karnataka -   1981
  • Bilateral   Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (BIPA) 1995
  • Protocol   on Avoidance of Double Taxation (DTAA) - 1995
  • MOU   for cooperation between CII and Confederation of Danish Industries –   1995
  • Protocol   on Foreign Office Consultation - 1995
  • Joint   Business Council Agreement between FICCI and the Danish Industry (DI) - 2002
  • MOU   on Biotechnology for Bilateral Cooperation – 2004
  • Agreement   for establishment of a Bilateral Joint Commission for Cooperation –   Feb 2008
  • MOU   for Cooperation in New and Renewable Energy – Feb 2008
  • Arrangement   on Gainful Employment for Family Members of the Diplomatic Mission   or Consular Posts – Feb 2008
  • MOU   on Clean Development Mechanism – Oct 2008
  • MOU   on Cooperation in the area of Environment – September 2009
  • MOU   on Labour Mobility Partnership – September 2009
  • Social   Security Agreement – February 2010
  • MOU   on Cooperation in the fields of Animal husbandry and Dairying in   April 2018
  • MOU   in the field of Sustainable and Smart Urban Development in April   2018
  • MOU   on Cooperation in agricultural research and education in April 2018
  • MOU   on Food Safety Cooperation in April 2018
  • Agreement   on Cooperation in the fields of Science, Technology and Innovation   in May 2018 Minister of Science & Technology & Earth   Sciences.
  • MoU between   National Institute of Wind Energy and Denmark Technical University   on Collaboration in the field of Wind Energy and Wind-Solar Hybrid   System in Dec 2018.
  • Protocol   on Foreign Office Consultations in Dec 2018
  • MoU   on Maritime Issues between the Ministry of Shipping of India and the   Ministry of Industry, Business and Financial Affairs of Denmark on   18 Jan 2019.
  • MoU between Imagine Panaji Smart City Development Limited and the Danish   Embassy in New Delhi to establish an Urban Living Lab in Panaji, Goa   on 18 Jan 2019.
  • The   letter of Intent on Centre of Excellence activities on 6 March 2019.
  • Cooperation   Agreement for the Strategic Sector Cooperation on Offshore Wind on   06th March 2019.
  • MoU   on Cooperation in Environment renewed for 5 years on 6 May 2020.
  • MoU   on India-Denmark Energy Cooperation signed on 5 June 2020.
  • MoU on India-Denmark Intellectual Property Rights signed on 26 September 2020 in New Delhi.
  • Letter of Intent on cooperation in the field of Sustainable & Smart Urban Water Supply & Sanitation signed in July 2021.
  • MoU on mapping of groundwater resources and aquifers between CSIR-NGRI, Hyderabad, Aarhus University and Geological Survey of Denmark & Greenland signed on 3 August 2021.
  • MoU on cooperation in the field of Health and Medicine signed on 3 September 2021.
  • MOU on Traditional Knowledge Digital Library Access Agreement between Council of Scientific & Industrial Research and Danish Patent and Trademark Office on 9 October 2021.
  • LOI between Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship, Government of the Republic of India and The Government of Denmark on 9 October 2021.
  • MoU between Council of Scientific & Industrial Research- National Geophysical Research Institute, Hyderabad, India, Aarhus University, Denmark and Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland on mapping of ground water resources and aquifers on 9 October 2021.
  • MoU between Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru and Danfoss Industries Private Limited to establish a Centre of Excellence towards natural refrigerants for tropical climates with potential applications on 9 October 2021.

Commercial and Economic Relations: Though small in size, Denmark is a rich country with an open economy which relies on foreign trade and investment to generate high levels of income. As per Denmark Statistics, the total volume of bilateral trade in goods and services between India and Denmark was US$ 3.58 billion in 2020. Bilateral trade of commodities between India and Denmark has increased from US$ 1077.8 million in 2009-10 to US$ 1344 million in 2020-21. Bilateral commodities trade figures from financial year 2015-16 to 2020-21 are given below:
(Figures in US$ million)  

Financial Year

India's Exports

India's Imports


Growth Rate

India's BoT Surplus































[Source: DGFT, Dept. of Commerce; figures include trade in goods only]
The major export items from India to Denmark are textiles, apparels and yarns related. Other items include road vehicles and components, metal goods, iron and steel, footwear, travel goods including leather goods, industrial machinery and accessories, chemical material and products, etc. Major Danish exports to India are medicinal/pharmaceutical goods, power generating machinery, industrial machinery, metal waste and ore, organic chemicals, etc.  

Bilateral trade in services between India and Denmark was US$ 2.32 billion in 2020 [import to India in services amounting to US$ 1.29 billion and export in service sector by India valued at US$ 1.03 billion].

Important streets and public places named after Indian leaders: Gandhi Plaene (Gandhi Park), located at the junction of BorupsAlle and Hvidkildevej in Copenhagen, has a bronze statue of Mahatma Gandhi in sitting posture. The city of Aarhus has a Nehru Road near Aarhus University.

Visa requirements for officials: Holders of diplomatic and official passports do not require visa to enter Denmark. Others require a visa. Visa may be required to transit through other EU countries while travelling to Denmark. The details and types of visas issued to tourists, businessmen and students are available on the Danish Embassy's website.

Air links with India: There are presently no direct air-links between India and Denmark. Indirect connections are through Frankfurt, Paris, Amsterdam, etc. Air India started its direct operations from Copenhagen to Delhi on 16 September 2017 with three times a week direct flight that provided connectivity from Denmark to India but the route remained operational till 17 March 2020.

Estimated NRI/PIO: The size of the Indian community in Denmark, inclusive of both NRIs (13,368) and PIOs, (2,755) is 16,123 (as on November 2021).